Music potential and positive influence have been mentioned before in medical care related researches. Music helped patients around the world improve their hospital experiences for years.
The latest study on the matter found that listening to music throughout all the steps of surgery can decrease pain and anxiety levels in patients.
The study was led by Dr. Catharine Meads from Brunel University in the UK. She and her colleagues assessed the role of music in postoperative care by analyzing 72 randomized trials involving almost 7.000 patients. Their focus was on the way that music may affect pain and anxiety following procedures, monitoring post-procedure pain medication and the hospital stay period. Study results concluded that music reduced pain and anxiety levels in patients and that they needed less pain medication. The length of hospital stay was not influenced by music. Nevertheless, it seemed that listening to music increased patients’ morale after going through surgery routine.
Listening to music prior procedure had the strongest effect of all. The researchers noticed that music has a notable effect even in anesthetized, unconscious patients. A slight, though “non-significant” change in decreasing pain levels was observed when patients were allowed to choose the music they will listen to during their intervention.
According to Dr. Meads opinion, as long as it doesn’t interfere with medical team routines, music should in the future be a part of patients’ hospital recovery therapy, because of its calming effect. “Music is a noninvasive, safe, cheap intervention that should be available to everyone undergoing surgery. Patients should be allowed to choose the type of music they would like to hear to maximize the benefit to their wellbeing”, she added.
The next step for the research team is to further investigate the benefits and disadvantages of OR music therapy, by studying the effects of music on women undergoing C-sections.