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Liver disease – causes and prevention

By on August 4, 2015

How to recognize liver illness and how to prevent it from becoming a permanent liver damage

A very large number of people suffer from liver disease. Unfortunately, due to the insidiousness of the condition, not many are aware of it. Left undiagnosed or untreated, liver diseases can often have fatal consequences.

Even though the liver has a remarkable regenerative ability, the damage must be discovered in the incipient stages for this to happen. If time passes by with no intervention or treatment, the cellular damage will lead to irreversible changes in the liver’s structure, that can later lead to cancer or liver failure (that requires a liver transplant).

Liver suffering can be genetic or caused by a variety of other factors such as:

  • Hepatitis A, B, C virus or autoimmune hepatitis

  • High levels of fat

  • Alcohol abuse or drug use

  • Parasites

  • Exposure to chemicals and toxins (or toxic environment)

  • Biliary disease

  • Obesity

  • Diabetes

  • Unprotected sex or exposure to other people’s blood and body fluids

Common indicators of liver disease include: dark stool and dark urine elimination, general fatigue, nausea, low appetite, abdominal pain, abdominal swelling, limb swelling, yellow colouring of the eyes, dark circles around the eyes, itchy skin, skin blemishes, pale skin, changed breath and body smell, confusion, bruising and erectile dysfunction in men.

The earlier liver disease is diagnosed, the easier it is to reverse it, treat it or limit its progression. Some liver problems can be ameliorated through lifestyle changes, such as stopping alcohol use or losing weight, while others need medication or even surgery.

To prevent liver disease, you should take precaution measures, such as: moderate use of alcohol, wise use of medications, avoiding risky behaviours (like tattoos, piercings, unprotected sex and drug use), getting a vaccine against hepatitis, controlling your weight, avoiding toxic products and environments.

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About Laura Parvan

Medical professional, blogging passionate, with a high interest in social media impact on health-care information.

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